Dealing with electricity can be potentially dangerous. An electrical specialist as well as well as other workers usually handle electricity directly, including conducting equipment installations, working on overhead lines as well as circuit assemblies, among others. Nearly all of us are vulnerable to the dangers posed by electricity, and this means that great care should be taken when dealing with an electric gadget.
While most electrical repairs work should entirely be left to the electrical professionals, there are equally lots of smaller projects which anyone with basic electrical knowledge can do. It is imperative to mention that all types of electrical projects start with safety. Before you dismantle a particular appliance or even before you think of unplugging it, it is advisable that you should ensure that your primary power source is shut off. For you to accurately diagnose any potential electrical issue, you’ll have to use a continuity tester. It is a device that accurately shows you to where there is a break along the path of electrical connection. You can use it to know the type and the extent of a problem, including a bad switch, cord, socket or even a malfunctioning plug. The types of electrical projects you may do by yourself：
1. Replacing an outlet
Home electrical projects can seem scary especially if you’ve never experienced any before. However, they don’t have to be! In fact, there are numerous electrical issues which you can always handle all by yourself. So today, we want to discuss some of the most common electrical repair problems which you should attempt on your own.
This is a relatively easy electrical repair job which does not necessarily require the help of a qualified electrician. First and foremost, it is essential to know that outlets come in three distinct types, including grounded, ungrounded and ground-fault circuit interrupter outlets. The ungrounded type has only two holes. As such, it lacks the third hole ideal for grounding. They are most common in older houses. Grounded outlets are the standard three-hole outlets which are popular in the modern homes. On the other hand, the GFCI outlets have a built-in circuit breaker which instantly disconnects the switch thus interrupting electric current in the event of a short, automatically. They are commonly installed in locations which are prone to excess moisture such as garages, bathrooms and perhaps workshops.
For this kind of job, you’ll either need a flat or Philips screwdriver, needle-nose pliers, a multimeter and finally the particular outlet you intend to install. Based on your personal preference and needs, you’ll choose the best outlet that best suits your needs. The overall procedure is pretty straightforward. First, shut off your main power switch and then remove the face-plate and unscrew the drivers that hold the outlet in its box. Pull out the outlet plus all the cables as close as possible, ensuring that you have adequate space to operate them. You should identify where the neutral (white), power (black) and ground (bare copper or green) cables are connected to your existing outlet. Eliminate them and then connect them accordingly to your new outlet. Now turn on your breaker and confirm if it is functioning. If it is working, shut down the breaker again and secure the switch back and you’re done.
2. Replacing a light fixture
These particular electrical parts are available in a variety of sizes and shapes. However, the manner in which they usually connect to your roofing is pretty much similar. As a general safety precaution, just ensure that your circuit breaker is off before you get started. After this, you can now remove the light bulbs. Eliminate the shade and pluck out the light bulbs. The next procedure will now depend on the type of your fixture. Typically, two elongated screws hold the fixture to the electrical cage. After removing those, your fixture should come out of the fixture with ease. You will see three connecting wires, including white, black as well as green. These wires are attached to the cables coming from your ceiling via certain twist or connectors. Unscrew the nuts and all the wires will be disconnected.
The prospect of installing the new fixtures is somehow difficult, perhaps because as you’ll be connecting the cables, you’ll have to hold the fixture in place. The procedure is always the same as that used when removing the old fixtures.
There are lots of electrical repair projects which you can attempt on your own and save significant cash regarding home electrical repairs. However, if you find yourself doubting anything, don’t hesitate to consult a qualified and experienced local electrician.